|Traumatic Injury for Gamers|
Hypovolemic (loss of blood volume) Shock
A great many of the injuries listed in this article will induce hypovolemic shock, a complex set of reactions evolved to compensate for loss of blood pressure. In shock, blood is diverted from skin and muscles to vital organs, and platelet aggregation is increased. Note that septic shock has essentially the same symptoms.
MILD TO MODERATE SHOCK (10%-25% OF BLOOD VOLUME LOST)
The patient will be pale, have rapid, shallow breathing and a high heart rate, will sweat, and will feel quite weak. He will be thirsty, his extremities will be cool, and his senses will start to cloud. Even the most stout of heroes will start to feel a rising panic, from purely physiologic hormonal reactions.
SEVERE SHOCK (30%-50% OF BLOOD VOLUME LOST)
Platelet aggregation in the lungs will lead to respiratory failure. Failure of cellular processes will lead to sequential systems failure, frequently starting with the heart and kidney. Basically, you stop breathing, your heart stops, everything else fails, and you die. This can take anywhere from hours to days after the initial injury.
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Copyright © 1999 James West